Scientific Name: Dumetella carolinensis
Native Range: Eastern and Central United States to the Rockies, southern Ontario to Central America
Size: Length: Adults 8.1 to 9.4 in (20.5 to 24 cm). Wingspan: 8.7 to 11.8 in (22 to 30 cm). Weight: 0.8 to 2.0 oz (23.2 to 56.5 g)
Active: Spring through fall
Color and Appearance: Dark gray overall, black cap; Long, black tail, often cooked; Undertail coverts chestnut; Dark eyes; Short, dark bill.*
From: Jonathan Alderfer, p. 185.