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Chokeberry, Red

Scientific Name: Aronia arbutifolia

Height: 6-8 ft

Spread: 3-4 ft

Bloom Time: April

Crown Density: Low

Native Range: East Coast North America, Pennsylvania

Ecological Value: Larval host. Nectar. Berries

Human Value: Chokeberry is tart when eaten raw. Do not eat the seeds because they contains cyanide.

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Alleghany Serviceberry

Scientific Name: Amelanchier laevis

Height: 15-40 ft

Spread: 15-40 ft

Bloom Time: April-May

Crown Density: Dense

Native Range: East Coast North America, Pennsylvania

Ecological Value: Larval host plant. Berries

Human Value: Blueberry-like berries in early summer. Leaves and stems may be made into tea. Stems can be used for baskets.

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Dogwood, Flowering

Scientific Name: Silphium perfoliatum

Family: Aster family (Asteraceae)

Spread: 2-4 ft.

Bloom Time: June-August

Native Range: Eastern North America, Pennsylvania

Ecological Value: Nectar source for long tongued bees, wasps, butterflies, and occasional hummingbirds. Goldfinches also visit these plants

Human Value:

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Red Maple

Scientific Name: Silphium perfoliatum

Family: Aster family (Asteraceae)

Spread: 2-4 ft.

Bloom Time: June-August

Native Range: Eastern North America, Pennsylvania

Ecological Value: Nectar source for long tongued bees, wasps, butterflies, and occasional hummingbirds. Goldfinches also visit these plants

Human Value:

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Zinia

Scientific Name: Silphium perfoliatum

Family: Aster family (Asteraceae)

Spread: 2-4 ft.

Bloom Time: June-August

Native Range: Eastern North America, Pennsylvania

Ecological Value: Nectar source for long tongued bees, wasps, butterflies, and occasional hummingbirds. Goldfinches also visit these plants

Human Value:

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Cup Plant


Scientific Name: Silphium perfoliatum

Family: Aster family (Asteraceae)

Spread: 2-4 ft.

Bloom Time: June-August

Native Range: Eastern North America, Pennsylvania

Ecological Value: Nectar source for long tongued bees, wasps, butterflies, and occasional hummingbirds. Goldfinches also visit these plants

Human Value:

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Mint, Mountain

Scientific Name: Pycnanthemum muticum

Family:

Height: 1-3 ft.

Spread: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Time: July – September

Native Range: North America

Ecological Value: Nectar. One of the two most popular nectar plants in our garden from July through October.

Human Value: Herb.