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Pugnacious Leaf-Cutter Bee

Scientific Name: Megachile pugnata

Family: Megachilidae

Native Range: Eastern North America, Pennsylvania

Size:

Nest: Solitary, leaf cutter*

Nesting Location: Pre-made tunnels or holes (Wilson and Carril, p. 184 – 188)

Nest Materials: Pieces of leaves stuck together with saliva (Wilson and Carril, p. 184 – 188)

Active: Summer

Color and Appearance: Black with whitish hairs

Pollen Collection: Hairs under abdomen (Wilson and Carril, p. 184 – 188)

Flight Distance: *

Bees in the genus Megachile (meaning “big lipped”) snip pieces of leaves to line their nests, giving them a common name of “leaf cutter” bees. Construction of each nest cell can take anywhere from 1.5 – 3 hours for Megachile sp. bees. (Wilson and Carril, p. 184 – 188)

*From Heather Holm, Pollinators of Native Plants: Attract, Observe and Identify Pollinators and Beneficial Insects with Native Plants. Minetonka: Pollination Press, LLC, 2014., p. 267.

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European Wool Carder Bee

Scientific Name: Anthidium manicatum

Family: Megachilidae

Native Range: Europe, Asia, Africa, introduced to North America in mid-twentieth century

Size: Medium with unusually strong sexual dimorphism. Females: 11 -13 mm (0.43 – 0.51 in); Males: 14 – 17 (0.55 – 0.67 in)*

Nest: Solitary, cavity*

Nesting Location and Materials: Preexisting cavities lined with tricomes (“wool”) from plant leaves.*

Active: Summer, (Wilson and Carrill, p. 176-178.)

Color and Appearance: Black with golden hairs

Pollen Collection: Hairs on face (Wilson and Carrill, p. 176-178.)

Flight Distance:

European wool carder bees are native to Europe, Asia and North Africa. They were first observed near Ithica, NY in the 1960s and have since spread across north America. While native Anthidium sp. are active in the spring, only the introduced Anthidium manicatum is active in late summer.

Unlike most bees, the males are significantly larger than the females. Their eggs are laid at the back of the nesting tunnel, meaning that the smaller females hatch first. Large males defend flower patches and wait to mate with passing females.

Female wool carder bees collect the fuzz from plant leaves and use it to line their nesting areas and create dividers between their brood cells. (Wilson and Carrill, p. 176-178.)

*From Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthidium_manicatum).

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Hairy-Banded Mining Bee

Scientific Name: Andrena hirticincta

Family: Andrenidae

Native Range:

Size: Small – Medium, 0.3 – 0.6 in (7 – 15 mm)*

Nest: Ground (sand, sandy loam, silt loam, sometimes lawns)*

Active: Spring – early summer, fall*

Color and Appearance: Moderately hairy, bands of yellowish hair on abdomen; facial depressions between compound eyes*

Pollen Collection: Scopae upper hind legs*

Flight Distance: ~ 500 yards, 450 m*

*From Heather Holm, Pollinators of Native Plants: Attract, Observe and Identify Pollinators and Beneficial Insects with Native Plants. Minetonka: Pollination Press, LLC, 2014., p. 258.

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Speckled Green Fruitworm Moth

Scientific Name: Orthosia hibisci

Family: Noctuidae

Native Range: North America, Pennsylvania

Size: Adult wingspan: 30–38 mm*

Active: One generation per year with adults active in spring*

Color and Appearance:

*From Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orthosia_hibisci

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Clouded Plant Bug

Scientific Name: Neurocolpus nubilus

Family: Miridae

Native Range: North America, Pennsylvania

Size:

Active:

Color and Appearance:

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Citrine Forktail Damselfly

Scientific Name: Ischnura hastata

Family: Coenagrionidae

Native Range: North and South America, Pennsylvania

Size:  Length: 0.79 – 1.06 in (20–27 mm); Hindwing: 0.43 – 0.59 in (11–15 mm)

Active:

Color and Appearance:

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Spicebush Swallowtail

Scientific Name: Papilio troilus

Family: Papilionidae

Native Range: Eastern United States, Pennsylvania

Size:

Active:

Color and Appearance: Black with blue on hindwings

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Spotted Lanternfly

Scientific Name: Lycorma delicatula

Family: Fulgoridae

Native Range: INVASIVE: China, India, Vietnam and eastern Asia

Size:

Active:

Color and Appearance: EWWW!

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Large Milkweed Bug

Scientific Name: Oncopeltus fasciatu

Family: Lygaeidae

Native Range: Central and North America to southern Canada, Pennsylvania

Size: 0.39 – 0.71 in. (10 – 18 mm)

Active: One generation produced in northern range during summer. Insects migrate south for winter.

Color and Appearance: Orange and black

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Harlequin Cabbage Bug

Scientific Name: Murgantia histrionica

Family: Pentatomidae

Native Range: North American, Pennsylvania*

Size:

Active: One generation per year in Pennsylvania. Adults overwinter.*

Color and Appearance: Stink bug shape with bright markings in yellow, orange, and white.*

A major pest to Brassicas, which is why ours are found on kale.*

*From Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harlequin_cabbage_bug)