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Carpenter Bee

Scientific Name: Xylocopa sp.

Family: Apidae

Native Range:

Size: Large, 13 -30mm, (0.5 – 1.25 in)*

Nest: Excavated with mandibles in wood, plant stems*

Nest Lining: Sawdust (plant stems)*

Active: Mid-summer -fall*

Color and Appearance: Black with yellow hairs, bumble bee-like, robust, hairy thorax, shiny black abdomen*

Pollen Collection: Scopae hind legs*

Flight Distance: ~ 1 mile, 1.6 km*

*From Heather Holm, Pollinators of Native Plants: Attract, Observe and Identify Pollinators and Beneficial Insects with Native Plants. Minetonka: Pollination Press, LLC, 2014., p. 267.

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Aphid

Superfamily: Aphidoidea

Native Range: World wide, Pennsylvania

Size: Small

Active:

Color and Appearance:

Pollen Collection:

Flight Distance:

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Honey Bee, European

Scientific Name: Apis mellifer

Family: Apidae

Native Range: Europe, naturalized throughout North America, Pennsylvania

Size: Medium, 10 – 15 mm (0.4 – 0.6 in)*

Nest: Social, colony*

Nesting Location: Human-made hives, tree cavities, tree limbs or branches*

Nest Materials: Hexagonal cells of wax*

Active: Early spring – late fall*

Color and Appearance: Black with golden hairs*

Pollen Collection: Pollen baskets on hind legs (coriculae)*

Flight Distance: ~ 2 miles, 3.2 km*

*From Heather Holm, Pollinators of Native Plants: Attract, Observe and Identify Pollinators and Beneficial Insects with Native Plants. Minetonka: Pollination Press, LLC, 2014., p. 267.