Native Range: China, Japan, Korea, and southeastern Siberia
Ecological Value: Cover. Nectar source.
Human Value: Petals are edible and may be distilled for rose water. Rose hips, with seeds removed, may be made into jams or dried and used in teas. The fruit is high in Vitamin C and fatty acids. The seeds are high in Vitamin E.
Ecological Value: Provides nectar to pollinators. Potentially INVASIVE
Human Value: Buddleia cultivars have been developed that do not produce seeds. I received this plant from a fellow gardener whose garden had become too shady for it. I have never noticed that it self-seeded so it may be a non-fertile cultivar.
Buddleia blooms on new wood each year. The old wood tends to become leggy and less productive over time so I cut this plant back almost to the ground ever spring or every other spring. It produces blooms earlier on years when I don’t cut it back, but it also grows taller and larger.
Ecological Value: Flowers provide nectar and pollen for insects, especially bees. It is a larval host plant for over 150 caterpillars including tiger swallowtail butterflies. Squirrels and other small animals enjoy its seeds.
Human Value: Use young leaves like salad in lettuce. Young leaves may also be cooked. The flowers can eaten fresh or cooked or made into tea. Traditionally, fibers from the inner bark were used for cords. Seeds can be eaten from the hand, chewing and spitting out the shells. Trunks can be coppiced to provide an ongoing crop of new leaves throughout the summer.
So far in 2020, our basswood seems to be the tree most attractive to spotted lanternflies. I have not seen enough of an infestation to warrant the collateral damage of using insect tape on tree trunks, but it may become necessary as the autumn approaches.